Heart Disease and Diet


Heart Disease and Diet - Eat Healthy to Help Prevent Heart Disease

What kills Americans most? Heart disease. It’s the No.1 cause of death in this country.

You can lower your chances of getting heart disease. One way is to carefully choose foods in your diet. For a healthy heart, eat:

• Less fat

• Less sodium

• Fewer calories

• More fiber.

Eat less Fat

Some fats are more likely to cause heart disease—saturated fats and trans fats. These fats are usually found in foods from animals, such as meat, milk, cheese, and butter. They also are found in foods with palm and coconut oils. Eat less of these foods in your diet.

Eat less Sodium

Eating less sodium can help lower some people’s blood pressure. This can help reduce the risk of heart disease.

Sodium is something we need in our diets, but most of us eat too much of it. Much of the sodium we eat comes from salt we add to our food at the table or that food companies add to their foods. So, avoid adding salt to foods at the table.

Eat fewer Calories

When we eat more calories than we need, we gain weight. Being overweight can cause heart disease. When we eat fewer calories than we need, we lose weight.

Eat more Fiber

Eating fiber from fruits, vegetables, and grains may help lower your chances of getting heart disease.

Heart Disease and Diet

Instead of:

Do This:

whole or 2 percent milk, and cream

use 1 percent or skim milk

fried foods

eat baked, steamed, boiled, broiled,
or microwaved foods

lard, butter, palm, and coconut oils

cook with unsaturated vegetable oils,
such as corn, olive, canola, safflower,
sesame, soybean, sunflower, or peanut

fatty cuts of meat, such as prime rib

eat lean cuts of meat or cut off the fatty parts

one whole egg in recipes

use two egg whites

sour cream and mayonnaise

use plain low-fat yogurt,
low-fat cottage cheese, or
low-fat or “light” sour cream

sauces, butter, and salt

season vegetables with herbs
and spices

regular hard and processed cheeses

eat low-fat, low-sodium cheeses

salted potato chips and other snacks

choose low-fat, unsalted tortilla
and potato chips and unsalted
pretzels and popcorn



Heart Disease and Diet – Tips for a Healthy Heart

• Eat a diet low in saturated fat, especially animal fats and palm and coconut oils.

• Add foods to your diet that are high in monounsaturated fats, such as olive oil, canola oil, and seafood.

• Eat foods containing polyunsaturated fats found in plants and seafood. Safflower oil and corn oil are high in polyunsaturated fats.

• Choose a diet moderate in salt and sodium.

• Maintain or improve your weight.

• Eat plenty of grain products, fruits, and vegetables.

Read the Food Label

The food label can help you eat less fat and sodium, fewer calories, and more fiber.

Look for certain words on food labels. The words can help you spot foods that may help reduce your chances of getting heart disease. The FDA has set rules on how these words can be used. So, if the label says “low-fat,” the food must be low in fat. Look at the side or back of the package. Here, you will find “Nutrition Facts.” Look for these words:

• Total fat

• Saturated fat

• Cholesterol

• Sodium

Look at the % Daily Value listed next to each term. If it is 5% or less for fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium, the food is low in these nutrients.

That’s good. It means the food fits in with a diet that may help reduce your chances of getting heart disease.

Tips for Losing Weight

• Eat smaller portions.

• Avoid second helpings.

• Eat less fat by staying away from fried foods, rich desserts, and chocolate candy. Foods with a lot of fat have a lot of calories.

• Eat more fruits and vegetables.

Heart Disease and Diet - Eating for a Healthy Heart

You can lower your chances of getting heart disease. One way is through your diet.

Remember:

• Eat less fat and sodium.

• Reduce your calories if you’re -over--weight.

• Eat more fiber.

• Eat a variety of foods including plenty of bread, rice, cereal, fruit and vegetables.

• If you drink beer, wine, or other alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation.

Heart Disease and Diet - Some Other Things You Can Do

Ask your doctor to check your cholesterol level. This is done with a blood test. The test will show the amount of cholesterol in your blood with a number. Below 200 is good. The test will also show the amount of “good” and “bad” cholesterol. Your doctor can tell you more about what these numbers mean.

If your cholesterol is high, your doctor may suggest diet changes, exercise, or drugs to bring it down.

Regular exercise–such as walking, swimming, or gardening–can help you keep your weight and cholesterol down.




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